Key Findings

This is a quick summary of the main discovery for each research paper we have published, organized issue by issue. Each key finding is below the article title, with a link to the abstract. 


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Current List - January 2023

Adolescent substance use and high school noncompletion: exploring the nature of the relationship using a discordant twin design

Australian adolescent substance use seems to be associated with early school dropout, effects due to confounding factors

Link to Abstract

Behavioral stability of alcohol consumption and socio-demographic correlates of change among a nationally representative cohort of US adults

Some demographic subgroups in the US may be more likely to transition into or persist in higher alcohol consumption states

Link to Abstract

Education plays a crucial role in the pathway from poverty to smoking: a Mendelian randomization study

Education appears to play an important role in the relationship between income and smoking

Link to Abstract

Effects of 10 add-on HF-rTMS treatment sessions on alcohol use and craving among detoxified inpatients with alcohol use disorder: a randomized sham-controlled clinical trial

RCT found no beneficial add-on effect of active HF-rTMS treatment on relapse and craving in AUD patients receiving TAU.

Link to Abstract

Emotion regulation in substance use disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis

People with SUDs appear to have greater difficulties with emotion regulation than people without SUDs

Link to Abstract

Feasibility and effectiveness of deprescribing benzodiazepines and Z-drugs: systematic review and meta-analysis

Benzodiazepine deprescribing seems to be more successful when supported by non-pharmacological methods versus routine care

Link to Abstract

Impact of vaping restrictions in public places on smoking and vaping in the United States—evidence using a difference-in-differences approach

Indoor vaping restrictions do not appear to decrease e-cigarette use among US adults

Link to Abstract

Impacts of recreational cannabis legalization on cannabis use: a longitudinal discordant twin study

In the US, a 20% average increase in cannabis use frequency seems to be attributable to recreational legalization

Link to Abstract

Modeling the impact of COVID-19 pandemic-driven increases in alcohol consumption on health outcomes and hospitalization costs in the United States

The health and cost impacts of pandemic-driven increases in alcohol consumption in the US are substantial

Link to Abstract

Non-cigarette combustible tobacco use and its associations with subsequent cessation of smoking among daily cigarette smokers: findings from the International Tobacco Control Four Country Smoking and Vaping Surveys (2016–20)

There is a consistent association between poly-smoking and reduced quit success.

Link to Abstract

Practitioner and digitally delivered interventions for reducing hazardous and harmful alcohol consumption in people not seeking alcohol treatment: a systematic review and network meta-analysis

Practitioner delivered interventions for hazardous drinking are more effective than digitally delivered interventions up to 6 months

Link to Abstract

Prioritizing measures to assess performance of drug treatment services: a Delphi process with funders, treatment providers and service-users

Delphi process among AOD treatment service funders, providers, and users provides consensus performance measures

Link to Abstract

Roles of parental smoking and family structure for the explanation of socio-economic inequalities in adolescent smoking

In France, parental smoking appears to be the factor that most influences adolescent smoking

Link to Abstract

The association between buprenorphine treatment duration and mortality: a multi-site cohort study of people who discontinued treatment

Patients who stop buprenorphine treatment after 91-180 days seem to have a higher opioid overdose risk than patients who stop after >365 days

Link to Abstract

Using the alcohol use disorders identification test to predict hospital admission for alcohol-related conditions in the Danish general population: a record-linkage study

Scores above AUDIT and AUDIT-C cutoffs are associated with an increased risk of long-term alcohol-related hospital admission

Link to Abstract