This is a quick summary of the main discovery for each research paper we have published, organized issue by issue. Each key finding is below the article title, with a link to the abstract.
Current List - July 2022
Alcohol consumption in India: a systematic review and modelling study for sub-national estimates of drinking patterns
Alcohol use in India has large regional variations.
Alcohol consumption trajectories over the Australian life course
In Australia, average daily alcohol consumption and frequency of consumption peak in middle age.
Alcohol demand as a predictor of drinking behavior in the natural environment
Alcohol demand appears to be associated with when and how much people drink.
Association of smoking, lung function and COPD in COVID-19 risk: a two-step Mendelian randomization study
There is genetic evidence that smoking likely increases the risk of severe COVID-19.
Can PATH Study susceptibility measures predict e-cigarette and cigarette use among American youth 1 year later?
E-cigarette and cigarette susceptibility measures predict product-specific use among youth 1 year later.
Clarifying gambling subtypes: the revised pathways model of problem gambling
A revised Pathways Model of problem gambling includes key differences in the relationship between Pathways 2 and 3.
Does genetic variation in a bitter taste receptor gene alter early smoking behaviours in adolescents and young adults?
Adolescents who can taste bitter compounds appear to escalate more quickly to monthly smoking and tobacco dependence and have higher nicotine intake
Dosing profiles of concurrent opioid and benzodiazepine use associated with overdose risk among US Medicare beneficiaries: group-based multi-trajectory models
Patterns of overdose risk among US Medicare patients are linked to very-high-dose opioid use, high-dose benzodiazepine use, and medium-dose opioid with low-dose benzodiazepine use
Duration of use and outcomes among people with opioid use disorder initiating methadone and buprenorphine in Ontario: a population-based propensity-score matched cohort study
Treatment retention and overdose risk are higher among methadone recipients compared with buprenorphine recipients in Ontario, Canada
Efficacy of non-invasive brain stimulation interventions in reducing smoking frequency in patients with nicotine dependence: a systematic review and network meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
Prefrontal noninvasive brain stimulation interventions appear to reduce the number of cigarettes smoked with good acceptability.
Evidence on the acute and residual neurocognitive effects of cannabis use in adolescents and adults: a systematic meta-review of meta-analyses
Meta-analytical data show that cannabis intoxication leads to deficits in several cognitive domains that may persist beyond the period of acute intake.
Functional connectivity in the central executive network predicts changes in binge drinking behavior during emerging adulthood: an observational prospective study
Functional pathways within the brain's central executive network may contribute to changes in problematic drinking behaviors
HIV clinic-based extended-release naltrexone versus treatment as usual for people with HIV and opioid use disorder: a non-blinded, randomized non-inferiority trial
HIV-clinic-based XR-naltrexone may not be inferior to treatment as usual for achieving HIV viral suppression
Mortality and negative outcomes of opioid use and opioid use disorder: a 6-year follow-up study
In Iran, opioid use and opioid use disorder are associated with increased mortality.
Parental substance use disorder and offspring not in education, employment or training: a national cohort study of young adults in Sweden
In Sweden, exposure to parental SUD before age 17 is associated with increased risk of being not in education, employment or training in early adulthood.
Relationship between high-risk alcohol consumption and severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) seroconversion: a prospective sero-epidemiological cohort study among American college students
Among US college students, high-risk drinking may be associated with higher risk for SARS-C0V-2 infection.
Risk of self-harm or suicide associated with specific drug use disorders, 2004–2016: a population-based cohort study
In Hong Kong, drug use disorders are associated with increased risk of self-harm or suicide.
The association between recreational cannabis legalization, commercialization and cannabis-attributable emergency department visits in Ontario, Canada: an interrupted time–series analysis
In Canada, cannabis attributable emergency department visits decreased following recreational cannabis legalization with strict retail controls.
The effects of cannabis and alcohol on driving performance and driver behaviour: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Cannabis combined with alcohol is more detrimental to driving performance than either in isolation.
Trajectories of alcohol consumption in relation to all-cause mortality in patients with cardiovascular disease: a 35-year prospective cohort study
There is no evidence that patients who consistently drink ≤14 units/week have a lower mortality risk than long-term abstainers
Trajectories of e-cigarette advertising exposure, e-cigarette use and cigarette smoking in a sample of young adults from Hawaii
Increased exposure to e-cigarette advertising appears to be associated with increased e-cigarette use.