This is a quick summary of the main discovery for each research paper we have published, organized issue by issue. Each key finding is below the article title, with a link to the abstract.
How does the alcohol industry attempt to influence marketing regulations? A systematic review
The alcohol industry's political activity is more varied than existing models of corporate political activity suggest; it primarily conveys its arguments through manipulating the evidence base and by promoting ineffective voluntary codes and non-regulatory initiatives.
Health information on alcoholic beverage containers: has the alcohol industry's pledge in England to improve labelling been met?
The UK Public Health Responsibility Deal alcohol labelling pledge has not been fully met. Labelling information frequently falls short of best practice, with font and logos smaller than would be accepted on other products with adverse health effects.
The drug situation in Europe: an overview of data available on illicit drugs and new psychoactive substances from European monitoring in 2015
Opioid drugs continue to burden the European drug treatment system, although both new heroin entrants and injecting show declines. The European early warning system now monitors more than 450 new psychoactive substances.
The association between alcohol outlet density and alcohol use among urban and regional Australian adolescents
Higher densities of alcohol outlets in an adolescent's immediate neighbourhood are related to increased likelihood of alcohol consumption. The density of licensed clubs is associated more strongly with drinking for urban than for regional adolescents.
Relating off-premises alcohol outlet density to intentional and unintentional injuries
Greater off-premises outlet density is related to greater incidence of traumatic injury. Chain outlets appear to be most strongly associated with traumatic injury rates.
Understanding Americans’ views on opioid pain reliever abuse
Americans view the problem of opioid pain reliever abuse as serious, and support nearly all policies recommended by experts to curb the epidemic.
Risk of mortality on and off methadone substitution treatment in primary care: a national cohort study
Among primary care patients undergoing methadone treatment, risk of all-cause mortality increases following treatment cessation, and is highest in the initial 4-week period.
Enhancing the effectiveness of smoking treatment research: conceptual bases and progress
A new, synthesized research approach identifies promising components for every phase of smoking treatment. Many intervention components interact with one another.
Innovative community-based educational face-to-face intervention to reduce HIV, hepatitis C virus and other blood-borne infectious risks in difficult-to-reach people who inject drugs: results from the ANRS–AERLI intervention study
An inexpensive and easily implemented educational intervention on risks associated with drug injection reduces significantly unsafe HIV–HCV transmission practices and injection-related complications.
Identifying effective intervention components for smoking cessation: a factorial screening experiment
Preparation counseling and the combination of intensive cessation in-person counseling with preparation nicotine gum or patch are promising intervention components for smoking.
Comparative effectiveness of motivation phase intervention components for use with smokers unwilling to quit: a factorial screening experiment
Motivation-phase nicotine gum and behavioral reduction counseling are promising intervention components for smokers who are initially unwilling to quit.
Predictors of comorbid polysubstance use and mental health disorders in young adults—a latent class analysis
Mental health disorders are more likely in young adults with polysubstance use disorders than those with alcohol/cannabis use disorders.
Comparative effectiveness of intervention components for producing long-term abstinence from smoking: a factorial screening experiment
Twenty-six weeks of nicotine patch/gum (versus 8 weeks) and maintenance counseling provided by phone are promising intervention components for the cessation and maintenance phases of smoking treatment.