This is a quick summary of the main discovery for each research paper we have published, organized issue by issue. Each key finding is below the article title, with a link to the abstract.
The effectiveness of psychosocial interventions at reducing the frequency of alcohol and drug use in parents: findings of a Cochrane Review and meta-analyses
Integrated psychosocial interventions for parenting and substance use may be better at reducing parental alcohol and drug use
Comparative efficacy and safety of pharmacotherapies for alcohol withdrawal: a systematic review and network meta-analysis
There are too few high-quality trials of pharmacotherapies for alcohol withdrawal to measure their comparative performance.
The representation of females in clinical trials for substance use disorder conducted in the United States (2010–19)
In 316 US clinical trials for substance use disorder completed between 2010 and 2019, only 8% reported sex-specific analyses.
Assessing the impacts of alcohol outlets on crime as a natural experiment: agglomeration, churning and spatial effects
Bar, pub, and restaurant openings appear to be related to increases in neighborhod crime in Oakland, California.
Impact of fentanyl use on initiation and discontinuation of methadone and buprenorphine/naloxone among people with prescription-type opioid use disorder: secondary analysis of a Canadian treatment trial
Buprenorphine/naloxone and methadone may be appropriate treatment options for people with prescription-type OUD regardless of fentanyl exposure
Domestication of drinking: a survey study of changes in types of drinking occasions during periods of increasing and decreasing alcohol consumption in the 2000s in Finland
The rise in per-capita drinking in Finland was linked to an increase in lighter drinking occasions at home either alone or with family
Effects of e-cigarette use on mental health among youths: quasi-experimental evidence from Canada
Canadian e-cigarette minimum legal age law has reduced risks of mood and anxiety disorders, lowered substance use and improved peer relationships
The relationship between smokeless tobacco (snus) and anxiety and depression among adults and elderly people. A comparison to smoking in the Tromsø Study
In Norway, current snus users have a higher socioeconomic status than current smokers and no detectable association with anxiety and depression
Characterising the use of varenicline: an analysis of the Australian dispensing claims data
Australians dispensed varenicline appear to be healthier compared with those who are dispensed NRT or bupropion
Familial associations in adolescent substance use disorder: a population-based cohort study
A family history of substance use disorder appears to be associated with increased SUD risk in adolescents
Towards optimum smoking cessation interventions during pregnancy: a household model to explore cost-effectiveness
A model for estimating cost-effectiveness of smoking interventions for pregnant women found that a hypothetical intensive intervention would be cost-effective
Age–period–cohort analysis of trends in tobacco smoking, cannabis use, and their co-use in the Australian population
There has been a consistent decrease in exclusive tobacco smoking across age, period and birth cohorts between 2001-2019 in Australia
Recreational cannabis legalization and transitions in cannabis use: findings from a nationally representative longitudinal cohort in the United States
Recreational cannabis legalization in the US may be associated with elevated odds of transition to cannabis use
Modeling the cost-effectiveness and impact on fatal overdose and initiation of buprenorphine–naloxone treatment at syringe service programs
Offering buprenorphine treatment within syringe service programs might decrease fatal overdoses, improve treatment engagement, and save money
Prenatal smoking, alcohol and caffeine exposure and offspring externalizing disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis
There is no clear evidence for a causal relationship between maternal prenatal smoking and offspring ADHD.