This is a quick summary of the main discovery for each research paper we have published, organized issue by issue. Each key finding is below the article title, with a link to the abstract.
Feasibility of a mail‐in, self‐administered dried blood spot collection method in national, population‐based alcohol surveys in the United States
The likelihood of participating in mail‐in, self‐administered dried blood spot (saDBS) sampling among drinkers in the US general population appears to be low.
Acceleration of drinking pace throughout the evening among frequently drinking young adults in the Netherlands
Young adults in the Netherlands appear to accelerate their drinking during the course of an evening's drinking, with high‐risk drinkers showing a greater increase.
Treatment‐resistant depression as risk factor for substance use disorders—a nation‐wide register‐based cohort study
Patients with treatment‐resistant depression may be at greater risk for substance use disorders compared with other patients with major depressive disorder.
A risk model for addictive behaviors in adolescents: interactions between personality and learning
Among elementary and high school students in the US, the joint effects of a general tendency to act rashly when distressed and behavior‐specific expectancies help to explain drinking and smoking behavior.
Intimate partner violence in emerging adulthood and subsequent substance use disorders: findings from a longitudinal study
Intimate partner violence (IPV) in early adulthood is associated with alcohol, substance and nicotine use disorders in women.
Randomized within‐subject trial to evaluate smokers’ initial perceptions, subjective effects and nicotine delivery across six vaporized nicotine products
The eGO and mod models of vaporized nicotine product (VPN) may be most effective for cigarette substitution among smokers who intend to switch to a VNP.
The effect of price and tax policies on the decision to smoke among men in Kenya
Cigarette price increases in Kenya between 1960 and 2014 were negatively associated with males' smoking initiation and positively associated with younger and lower‐income males' cessation.
Hospitalization of children after prenatal exposure to opioid maintenance therapy during pregnancy: a national registry study from the Czech Republic
Opioid maintenance treatment exposure given to mothers during pregnancy does not appear to increase risk of health problems in the offspring.
Patterns of social determinants of health associated with drug use among women living with HIV in Canada: a latent class analysis
Social determinants of health vulnerabilities (e.g., race and gender discrimination, HIV stigma, economic hardship) are associated with greater likelihood of drug use among women living with HIV.
Interpersonal and structural factors associated with receptive syringe‐sharing among a prospective cohort of female sex workers who inject drugs
Client violence, intimate partner injection drug use, being injected by others and obtaining syringes from personal connections appear to increase parenteral HIV/HCV risk among female sex workers who inject drugs.
Feasibility, acceptability and cost‐effectiveness of a brief, lay counsellor‐delivered psychological treatment for men with alcohol dependence in primary care: an exploratory randomized controlled trial
Lay counsellor‐delivered psychological treatment in primary care may be effective in managing alcohol dependence in men in low‐ and middle‐income countries.
The association between alcohol access and alcohol‐attributable emergency department visits in Ontario, Canada
Deregulation of alcohol sales in Ontario, Canada in 2015 was associated with increased emergency department visits attributable to alcohol.
State alcohol policies, taxes, and availability as predictors of adolescent binge drinking trajectories into early adulthood
In the US, stronger state alcohol policies and higher beer excise taxes appear to be associated with lower risk of escalating drinking among underage youth.
Why Uruguay legalized marijuana? The open window of public insecurity
Applying Kingdon's theory of windows of opportunity, Uruguay may have moved towards full regulation of its marijuana market in 2013 because of the convergence of a specific set of problem, policy and political circumstances in May 2012.