This is a quick summary of the main discovery for each research paper we have published, organized issue by issue. Each key finding is below the article title, with a link to the abstract.
The prevalence of wholly attributable alcohol conditions in the United Kingdom hospital system: a systematic review, meta‐analysis and meta‐regression
An estimated one in 10 patients in the UK hospital system may be alcohol‐dependent.
Polygenic risk for alcohol misuse is moderated by romantic partnerships
Being in a romantic relationship may reduce the association between genetic predisposition and drinking, alcohol problems, and (for men only) high-risk drinking.
Mortality among people with regular or problematic use of amphetamines: a systematic review and meta‐analysis
People with regular or dependent amphetamine use are at elevated risk of dying from drug poisoning, homicide and suicide.
Prescription opioid use patterns, use disorder diagnoses and addiction treatment receipt after the 2014 Medicaid expansion in Oregon
Oregon residents who enrolled or re‐enrolled in Medicaid after coverage was expanded in 2014 were less likely than those already covered to receive opioids, use them chronically, or receive medication‐assisted treatment for opioid use disorder.
Age, period and cohort effects in frequent cannabis use among US students: 1991–2018
The prevalence of frequent cannabis use (FCU) increased from 1991 to 2018 among older adolescents in the United States.
Exogenous progesterone for smoking cessation in men and women: a pilot double‐blind, placebo‐controlled randomized clinical trial
Oral micronized progesterone may help women stop smoking.
Persistence of use of prescribed cannabinoid medicines in Manitoba, Canada: a population‐based cohort study
In Manitoba, Canada approximately 18% of people prescribed cannabinoid medication continue using for at least 1 year.
In their own words: language preferences of individuals who use heroin
Heroin users in early recovery vary in how they describe themselves and want to be described by others.
Effects of immediate versus gradual nicotine reduction in cigarettes on biomarkers of biological effects
It remains unclear whether abrupt switching to very low nicotine cigarettes leads to a short‐term reduction in biomarkers of tobacco‐related harm such as oxidative damage and inflammation.
Tobacco‐21 laws and young adult smoking: quasi‐experimental evidence
Increasing the legal age of sale of tobacco to 21 in the US appears to have reduced smoking prevalence among 18–20‐year‐olds who have ever tried cigarettes.
The ironic effects of stigmatizing smoking: combining stereotype threat theory with behavioral pharmacology
Media messages that elicit negative stereotypes of smokers promoted smoking among daily smokers in a lab setting.
Bidirectional associations between young adults’ reported exposure to e‐cigarette marketing and e‐cigarette use
Self‐reported exposure to electronic nicotine delivery system (ENDS) marketing was bidirectionally associated with ENDS use among young adult US college students.
Exposure to pictures of natural landscapes may reduce cigarette smoking
Exposing smokers to pictures of natural landscapes may lead to reduced smoking by lowering temporal discounting.
Negative marijuana‐related consequences among college students in five countries: measurement invariance of the Brief Marijuana Consequences Questionnaire
The Brief Marijuana Consequences Questionnaire appear to provide an accurate assessment of marijuana‐related negative consequences among college-age marijuana users.