Published since 1884 by the Society for the Study of Addiction.
Editor-in-Chief, Robert West

We welcome suggestions and contributions from our readers. Send your material to Robert Calder, Addiction News Editor, Addiction, National Addiction Centre PO48, 4 Windsor Walk, London SE5 8AF, United Kingdom. E-mail jean@addictionjournal.org

Taiwan drafts betel nut regulations

Posted 09-Aug-19
Taiwan drafts betel nut regulations
The Taiwanese Council of Agriculture has said that it will publish regulations on betel nut cultivation and production. The new regulations will reflect current tobacco control legislation and will cover the use of pesticides and establish minimum production and distribution standards. There are currently 42,510 hectares of betel nut plantations in Taiwan producing 100,000 tons of betel nuts each year. 
Source: https://www.taiwannews.com.tw/en/news/3742206

Posted 09-Aug-19

The Taiwanese Council of Agriculture has said that it will publish regulations on betel nut cultivation and production. The new regulations will reflect current tobacco control legislation and will cover the use of pesticides and establish minimum production and distribution standards. There are currently 42,510 hectares of betel nut plantations in Taiwan producing 100,000 tons of betel nuts each year. 

Source: https://www.taiwannews.com.tw/en/news/3742206

Southeast Asian methamphetamine trade doubles between 2013 and 2019

Posted 09-Aug-19
Southeast Asian methamphetamine trade doubles between 2013 and 2019
The methamphetamine trade in southeast Asia has increased substantially since 2013 when it was estimated to be worth $15bn. The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) estimates that trade in methamphetamines is now worth between $30bn and $60bn. The move towards methamphetamine trade and away from opiate cultivation has been attributed to methamphetamine’s relatively simple production requirements which are not reliant on weather and that are easier to hide from authorities. 
Source: https://www.occrp.org/en/daily/10259-unodc-warns-of-rising-role-of-organized-crime-in-southeast-asia

Posted 09-Aug-19

The methamphetamine trade in southeast Asia has increased substantially since 2013 when it was estimated to be worth $15bn. The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) estimates that trade in methamphetamines is now worth between $30bn and $60bn. The move towards methamphetamine trade and away from opiate cultivation has been attributed to methamphetamine’s relatively simple production requirements which are not reliant on weather and that are easier to hide from authorities. 

Source: https://www.occrp.org/en/daily/10259-unodc-warns-of-rising-role-of-organized-crime-in-southeast-asia

Taiwan introduces fines for drink-drive passengers

Posted 09-Aug-19
Taiwan introduces fines for drink-drive passengers
A new law in Taiwan means that passengers in cars driven by someone under the influence of alcohol could face a fine of up to 3,000 Taiwan dollars. The same legislation will raise the fine for drunk drivers themselves from 90,000 to 120,000 Taiwan dollars and extend the licence ban from one to two years. 
Source: http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2019-07/01/c_138189979.htm 

Posted 09-Aug-19

A new law in Taiwan means that passengers in cars driven by someone under the influence of alcohol could face a fine of up to 3,000 Taiwan dollars. The same legislation will raise the fine for drunk drivers themselves from 90,000 to 120,000 Taiwan dollars and extend the licence ban from one to two years. 

Source: http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2019-07/01/c_138189979.htm 

Gujarat assembly passes bill banning e-cigarettes

Posted 09-Aug-19
Gujarat assembly passes bill banning e-cigarettes
The Indian state of Gujarat has become the 13th Indian state to ban e-cigarettes. The state’s new legislation will ban e-cigarette advertising, import, manufacture, and sale, but will not specifically ban their use. Offenders could face a fine of up to Rs 50,000 and a jail term of up to three years. 
Source: https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/ahmedabad/gujarat-assembly-passes-bill-to-ban-e-cigarettes-and-related-products/articleshow/70056628.cms

Posted 09-Aug-19

The Indian state of Gujarat has become the 13th Indian state to ban e-cigarettes. The state’s new legislation will ban e-cigarette advertising, import, manufacture, and sale, but will not specifically ban their use. Offenders could face a fine of up to Rs 50,000 and a jail term of up to three years. 

Source: https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/ahmedabad/gujarat-assembly-passes-bill-to-ban-e-cigarettes-and-related-products/articleshow/70056628.cms

Singapore to introduce plain packaging for tobacco products by 2020

Posted 09-Aug-19
Singapore to introduce plain packaging for tobacco products by 2020
The Ministry of Health in Singapore has said that by 2020 tobacco will be sold in standardised packaging with no logos or branding and with graphic health warnings covering 75% of the packet. The new regulations will apply to all tobacco packets and will be implemented in July 2020 following a three-month transition period. 
Source: https://www.businessinsider.sg/all-tobacco-products-in-singapore-will-be-sold-in-standardised-packaging-with-enlarged-graphic-warnings-from-july-2020/

Posted 09-Aug-19

The Ministry of Health in Singapore has said that by 2020 tobacco will be sold in standardised packaging with no logos or branding and with graphic health warnings covering 75% of the packet. The new regulations will apply to all tobacco packets and will be implemented in July 2020 following a three-month transition period. 

Source: https://www.businessinsider.sg/all-tobacco-products-in-singapore-will-be-sold-in-standardised-packaging-with-enlarged-graphic-warnings-from-july-2020/

Malaysia removes mandatory death sentence for drug trafficking

Posted 09-Aug-19
Malaysia removes mandatory death sentence for drug trafficking
The Prime Minister of Malaysia has announced that judges will now be given the authority to choose between imposing the death penalty and imposing a prison term of not less than 10 years in drug trafficking cases. The legislative change will be achieved by removing the word ‘mandatory’ where drug-trafficking sentencing guidelines refer to capital punishment. 
Source: https://www.malaymail.com/news/malaysia/2019/07/08/pm-word-mandatory-to-be-removed-from-drug-trafficking-legislation/1769480

Posted 09-Aug-19

The Prime Minister of Malaysia has announced that judges will now be given the authority to choose between imposing the death penalty and imposing a prison term of not less than 10 years in drug trafficking cases. The legislative change will be achieved by removing the word ‘mandatory’ where drug-trafficking sentencing guidelines refer to capital punishment. 

Source: https://www.malaymail.com/news/malaysia/2019/07/08/pm-word-mandatory-to-be-removed-from-drug-trafficking-legislation/1769480

Bill to re-introduce death penalty in Philippines

Posted 09-Aug-19
Bill to re-introduce death penalty in Philippines 
A bill to re-introduce the death penalty in the Philippines has been introduced to Parliament. The bill proposes that capital punishment should be available as a sentencing option for those convicted of trafficking or selling illegal drugs as well as for those who ‘protect or coddle’ the drug trade. 
Source: https://www.breitbart.com/asia/2019/07/03/manny-pacquiao-files-senate-bill-restore-death-penalty-philippines/

Posted 09-Aug-19

A bill to re-introduce the death penalty in the Philippines has been introduced to Parliament. The bill proposes that capital punishment should be available as a sentencing option for those convicted of trafficking or selling illegal drugs as well as for those who ‘protect or coddle’ the drug trade. 

Source: https://www.breitbart.com/asia/2019/07/03/manny-pacquiao-files-senate-bill-restore-death-penalty-philippines/

UN votes to investigate killings in the Philippines

Posted 09-Aug-19
UN votes to investigate killings in the Philippines
The Human Rights Council of the United Nations (UN) has supported a resolution proposed by Iceland to investigate extra-judicial killings in the Philippines ‘war on drugs’. The resolution instructs the UN human rights chief to investigate killings, enforced disappearances, arrests and persecutions of activists, journalists and members of political opposition parties, and to produce a report within one year. The vote was supported by 18 countries, with 14 countries opposing and 15 abstaining. 
Sources: https://www.nytimes.com/2019/07/11/world/asia/philippines-duterte-killings-un.html
https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-48955153

Posted 09-Aug-19

The Human Rights Council of the United Nations (UN) has supported a resolution proposed by Iceland to investigate extra-judicial killings in the Philippines ‘war on drugs’. The resolution instructs the UN human rights chief to investigate killings, enforced disappearances, arrests and persecutions of activists, journalists and members of political opposition parties, and to produce a report within one year. The vote was supported by 18 countries, with 14 countries opposing and 15 abstaining. 

Sources: https://www.nytimes.com/2019/07/11/world/asia/philippines-duterte-killings-un.html

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-48955153

Egypt suspends 300 rail workers over positive drug tests

Posted 09-Aug-19
Egypt suspends 300 rail workers over positive drug tests 
Following a programme of mandatory drug testing for government workers, 300 employees of Egyptian Railways have been suspended for returning positive drug tests. Those suspended will lose one month’s pay and be suspended from work for six months before being re-tested. Employees failing three tests will be permanently excluded from rail work. 
Source: http://venturesafrica.com/egyptian-railways-suspends-300-workers-over-substance-abuse/

Posted 09-Aug-19

Following a programme of mandatory drug testing for government workers, 300 employees of Egyptian Railways have been suspended for returning positive drug tests. Those suspended will lose one month’s pay and be suspended from work for six months before being re-tested. Employees failing three tests will be permanently excluded from rail work. 

Source: http://venturesafrica.com/egyptian-railways-suspends-300-workers-over-substance-abuse/

95% of Liberian refugees use illicit drugs

Posted 09-Aug-19
95% of Liberian refugees use illicit drugs
A report from the Liberia Refugee Repatriation and Resettlement Commission has said that 95% of the estimated 20,000 Liberian youths who have been captured in four countries use illicit drugs. The ‘internally displaced persons’ are predominantly young males from disadvantaged backgrounds. 
Source: https://allafrica.com/stories/201906190215.html

Posted 09-Aug-19

A report from the Liberia Refugee Repatriation and Resettlement Commission has said that 95% of the estimated 20,000 Liberian youths who have been captured in four countries use illicit drugs. The ‘internally displaced persons’ are predominantly young males from disadvantaged backgrounds. 

Source: https://allafrica.com/stories/201906190215.html

Los Angeles Police Department officers to carry nasal naloxone

Posted 09-Aug-19
Los Angeles Police Department officers to carry nasal naloxone 
Following a pilot programme in 2018 in which Los Angeles police carried nasal naloxone spray to reverse opioid overdose, the city will now expand the programme across the whole police force. During the pilot 15 lives were saved by police using the spray. 
Source: https://www.latimes.com/california/story/2019-07-18/lapd-opioid-overdose-narcan-medication-training

Posted 09-Aug-19

Following a pilot programme in 2018 in which Los Angeles police carried nasal naloxone spray to reverse opioid overdose, the city will now expand the programme across the whole police force. During the pilot 15 lives were saved by police using the spray. 

Source: https://www.latimes.com/california/story/2019-07-18/lapd-opioid-overdose-narcan-medication-training

Criminal charges for Ohio opioid distributer

Posted 09-Aug-19
Criminal charges for Ohio opioid distributer
For the second time in three months federal prosecutors have issued criminal proceedings against an opioid distributer. Miami-Luken stands accused of distributing narcotic drugs for purposes other than pain relief. The charges allege that the company continued to distribute large quantities of opioid painkillers despite obvious signs that those drugs were being diverted. 
Source: https://www.washingtonpost.com/health/prosecutors-bring-rare-criminal-charges-against-ohio-opioid-distributor/2019/07/18/71f28a74-a97b-11e9-9214-246e594de5d5_story.html?utm_term=.7dd14c7e278d

Posted 09-Aug-19

For the second time in three months federal prosecutors have issued criminal proceedings against an opioid distributer. Miami-Luken stands accused of distributing narcotic drugs for purposes other than pain relief. The charges allege that the company continued to distribute large quantities of opioid painkillers despite obvious signs that those drugs were being diverted. 

Source: https://www.washingtonpost.com/health/prosecutors-bring-rare-criminal-charges-against-ohio-opioid-distributor/2019/07/18/71f28a74-a97b-11e9-9214-246e594de5d5_story.html?utm_term=.7dd14c7e278d

Canada's cannabis use increased prior to decriminalisation

Posted 09-Aug-19
Canada’s cannabis use increased prior to decriminalisation 
The United Nations (UN) world drug report found that cannabis use in Canada increased 40% between 2013 and 2017 in the years prior to legalisation. The report attributes the increase to changing perceptions of risk around cannabis. The increase was greater among people over 20 years old, with cannabis use among people under 20 declining in the same time. 
Source: https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/british-columbia/cannabis-canada-usage-spike-united-nations-report-1.5197224

Posted 09-Aug-19

The United Nations (UN) world drug report found that cannabis use in Canada increased 40% between 2013 and 2017 in the years prior to legalisation. The report attributes the increase to changing perceptions of risk around cannabis. The increase was greater among people over 20 years old, with cannabis use among people under 20 declining in the same time. 

Source: https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/british-columbia/cannabis-canada-usage-spike-united-nations-report-1.5197224

10-month deadline to submit e-cigarettes to FDA for approval

Posted 09-Aug-19
10-month deadline to submit e-cigarettes to FDA for approval
A US federal judge has supported the FDA application to enforce a 10-month deadline for companies to submit e-cigarette approval applications. The ruling means that e-cigarette producers in the US will have to apply to the FDA to review their products if they wish to continue trading. The FDA will then have one year to review those products for safety. 
Source: https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-vaping/u-s-federal-judge-orders-fda-to-implement-10-month-deadline-for-e-cig-applications-idUSKCN1U72GR

Posted 09-Aug-19

A US federal judge has supported the FDA application to enforce a 10-month deadline for companies to submit e-cigarette approval applications. The ruling means that e-cigarette producers in the US will have to apply to the FDA to review their products if they wish to continue trading. The FDA will then have one year to review those products for safety. 

Source: https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-vaping/u-s-federal-judge-orders-fda-to-implement-10-month-deadline-for-e-cig-applications-idUSKCN1U72GR

US state of North Carolina implements death by distribution law

Posted 09-Aug-19
US state of North Carolina implements death by distribution law
The Governor of North Carolina has signed a new law that could see drug dealers charged with second-degree murder if they sell drugs that later cause a fatal overdose. The law means that offenders could face up to 40 years in prison. An amendment to the law was approved following concerns that it might prevent people calling emergency services in the case of an overdose. The amendment stated that the ‘Death by Distribution’ law would not restrict the rights previously identified under ‘Good Samaritan’ laws which protect witnesses to a drug overdose from prosecution if they seek medical assistance. 
Source: https://www.news5cleveland.com/news/national/under-new-north-carolina-law-drug-dealers-could-be-charged-with-second-degree-murder

Posted 09-Aug-19

The Governor of North Carolina has signed a new law that could see drug dealers charged with second-degree murder if they sell drugs that later cause a fatal overdose. The law means that offenders could face up to 40 years in prison. An amendment to the law was approved following concerns that it might prevent people calling emergency services in the case of an overdose. The amendment stated that the ‘Death by Distribution’ law would not restrict the rights previously identified under ‘Good Samaritan’ laws which protect witnesses to a drug overdose from prosecution if they seek medical assistance. 

Source: https://www.news5cleveland.com/news/national/under-new-north-carolina-law-drug-dealers-could-be-charged-with-second-degree-murder

Decline in US overdoses

Posted 09-Aug-19
Decline in US overdoses 
Data from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) suggest that overdoses in the US have declined for the first time since 1999. In 2018 there were 68,500 fatal drug overdoses recorded, a decline from 72,000 in 2017. Although overall levels of overdoses declined, the data suggest that deaths from psychostimulants such as methamphedamine and MDMA increased between 2017 and 2018. 
Source: https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-drugs-overdoses/u-s-overdose-deaths-post-annual-drop-for-first-time-in-two-decades-idUSKCN1UC2HZ

Posted 09-Aug-19

Data from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) suggest that overdoses in the US have declined for the first time since 1999. In 2018 there were 68,500 fatal drug overdoses recorded, a decline from 72,000 in 2017. Although overall levels of overdoses declined, the data suggest that deaths from psychostimulants such as methamphedamine and MDMA increased between 2017 and 2018. 

Source: https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-drugs-overdoses/u-s-overdose-deaths-post-annual-drop-for-first-time-in-two-decades-idUSKCN1UC2HZ

35,000 Bolivian drug labs destroyed in ten years

Posted 09-Aug-19
35,000 Bolivian drug labs destroyed in ten years
A report from the Bolivian government has claimed that counter-narcotics forces destroyed 35,878 cocaine labs and 321 tons of cocaine costing drug producers $176m in the last ten years. Despite these figures the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime estimates that coca cultivation has increased, with the US Department of State estimating that 31,000 hectares of coca cultivation are still in operation. 
Source: https://dialogo-americas.com/en/articles/bolivia-releases-results-10-year-fight-against-narcotrafficking

Posted 09-Aug-19

A report from the Bolivian government has claimed that counter-narcotics forces destroyed 35,878 cocaine labs and 321 tons of cocaine costing drug producers $176m in the last ten years. Despite these figures the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime estimates that coca cultivation has increased, with the US Department of State estimating that 31,000 hectares of coca cultivation are still in operation. 

Source: https://dialogo-americas.com/en/articles/bolivia-releases-results-10-year-fight-against-narcotrafficking

Columbia National Liberation Army resume use of landmines

Posted 09-Aug-19
Columbia National Liberation Army resume use of landmines
The Columbian High Commissioner for Peace has reported that the left-wing guerrilla movement National Liberation Army (ELN) and right-wing paramilitary organisation Clan del Golfo have again started to use landmines as a way of protecting coca plantations. Over 11,000 people have been injured by landmines in Columbia since 1990 resulting in 2,295 deaths. 
Source: https://latinamericareports.com/colombian-government-denounces-planting-of-anti-personnel-landmines-to-protect-coca-crops/2559/

Posted 09-Aug-19

The Columbian High Commissioner for Peace has reported that the left-wing guerrilla movement National Liberation Army (ELN) and right-wing paramilitary organisation Clan del Golfo have again started to use landmines as a way of protecting coca plantations. Over 11,000 people have been injured by landmines in Columbia since 1990 resulting in 2,295 deaths. 

Source: https://latinamericareports.com/colombian-government-denounces-planting-of-anti-personnel-landmines-to-protect-coca-crops/2559/

Report estimates that 30,000 children and adolescents work for organised crime in Mexico

Posted 09-Aug-19
Report estimates that 30,000 children and adolescents work for organised crime in Mexico
A report by the Inter American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) has estimated that 30,000 children and adolescents were used as a form of ‘disposable labor’ by Mexican criminal organisations in 2015. A survey of children in Mexico found that recruitment attempts by criminal gangs affected one-in-ten children. Children are often used to stand lookout, to transport drugs or to help with opium cultivation and production. 
Source: https://www.insightcrime.org/news/analysis/mexico-criminal-groups-child-recruitment/

Posted 09-Aug-19

A report by the Inter American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) has estimated that 30,000 children and adolescents were used as a form of ‘disposable labor’ by Mexican criminal organisations in 2015. A survey of children in Mexico found that recruitment attempts by criminal gangs affected one-in-ten children. Children are often used to stand lookout, to transport drugs or to help with opium cultivation and production. 

Source: https://www.insightcrime.org/news/analysis/mexico-criminal-groups-child-recruitment/

New Zealand releases medical cannabis regulations

Posted 09-Aug-19
New Zealand releases medical cannabis regulations
The New Zealand government has released draft regulations for medical cannabis. The regulations cover quality standards, licensing requirements, distribution, prescribing and monitoring. The government has asked for feedback on the draft regulations, with a focus on whether a doctor should be able to prescribe medical cannabis with or without the recommendation of a specialist. The regulations are due to be implemented in early 2020.
Source: https://mjbizdaily.com/new-zealand-releases-proposed-cannabis-regulations-aims-for-2020-launch/

Posted 09-Aug-19

The New Zealand government has released draft regulations for medical cannabis. The regulations cover quality standards, licensing requirements, distribution, prescribing and monitoring. The government has asked for feedback on the draft regulations, with a focus on whether a doctor should be able to prescribe medical cannabis with or without the recommendation of a specialist. The regulations are due to be implemented in early 2020.

Source: https://mjbizdaily.com/new-zealand-releases-proposed-cannabis-regulations-aims-for-2020-launch/

Medical cannabis cultivation legalised in Georgia

Posted 09-Aug-19
Medical cannabis cultivation legalised in Georgia
Georgia has passed a bill legalising cannabis cultivation for medical purposes with effect from 1 July 2019. The government has identified six business and two universities to cultivate cannabis and has established a Medical Cannabis Oversight Committee to oversee all production. The development follows 2015 legislation that permitted prescribed medical cannabis. 
Source: https://www.underthegeorgiasun.com/2019/06/26/cultivating-medical-marijuana-will-be-legal-in-georgia-next-month/

Posted 09-Aug-19

Georgia has passed a bill legalising cannabis cultivation for medical purposes with effect from 1 July 2019. The government has identified six business and two universities to cultivate cannabis and has established a Medical Cannabis Oversight Committee to oversee all production. The development follows 2015 legislation that permitted prescribed medical cannabis. 

Source: https://www.underthegeorgiasun.com/2019/06/26/cultivating-medical-marijuana-will-be-legal-in-georgia-next-month/

Switzerland to change medical cannabis prescription laws

Posted 09-Aug-19
Switzerland to change medical cannabis prescription laws
The Swiss government has proposed a change to its medical cannabis laws to enable more people to access medical cannabis products. Currently people who wish to use medical cannabis must apply for a federal exemption, the new system would allow doctors to prescribe medical cannabis as part of a treatment package. 
Source: https://www.reuters.com/article/us-swiss-cannabis/switzerland-aims-to-legalise-medical-marijuana-idUSKCN1TR13N

Posted 09-Aug-19

The Swiss government has proposed a change to its medical cannabis laws to enable more people to access medical cannabis products. Currently people who wish to use medical cannabis must apply for a federal exemption, the new system would allow doctors to prescribe medical cannabis as part of a treatment package. 

Source: https://www.reuters.com/article/us-swiss-cannabis/switzerland-aims-to-legalise-medical-marijuana-idUSKCN1TR13N

 

German cryptomarket 'Chemical Revolution' shut down

Posted 09-Aug-19
German cryptomarket ‘Chemical Revolution’ shut down 
Germany’s largest Cryptomarket for selling drugs has been closed by police. The online store sold a wide range of drugs to customers across the world. Eleven people were arrested in the operation and will face drug trafficking charges. 
Source: https://nltimes.nl/2019/06/28/dutch-man-arrested-large-german-dark-web-drug-bust

Posted 09-Aug-19

Germany’s largest Cryptomarket for selling drugs has been closed by police. The online store sold a wide range of drugs to customers across the world. Eleven people were arrested in the operation and will face drug trafficking charges. 

Source: https://nltimes.nl/2019/06/28/dutch-man-arrested-large-german-dark-web-drug-bust

Belgium to introduce tobacco plain packaging in 2020

Posted 09-Aug-19
Belgium to introduce tobacco plain packaging in 2020
A royal decree, published in May 2019, has launched plain packing legislation in Belgium. The new regulations are due to be implemented in January 2020 and stipulate that tobacco products must be sold in plain packaging of a standard colour (Pantone 448 C) with no branding and just a single use of the trade name. The regulations will apply to cigarettes, rolling tobacco and water pipe tobacco and allow for a one-year transition period. 
Source: https://www.lexology.com/library/detail.aspx?g=e1fdb92b-5162-41f2-ad02-f23288069604

Posted 09-Aug-19

A royal decree, published in May 2019, has launched plain packing legislation in Belgium. The new regulations are due to be implemented in January 2020 and stipulate that tobacco products must be sold in plain packaging of a standard colour (Pantone 448 C) with no branding and just a single use of the trade name. The regulations will apply to cigarettes, rolling tobacco and water pipe tobacco and allow for a one-year transition period. 

Source: https://www.lexology.com/library/detail.aspx?g=e1fdb92b-5162-41f2-ad02-f23288069604

Government pledges to end smoking in England by 2030

Posted 09-Aug-19
Government pledges to end smoking in England by 2030
A policy document released by the UK government has detailed a commitment to eliminate smoking in England by 2030. The green paper includes a measure to ensure that every smoker admitted to hospital is offered support to quit. The green paper also lists ways to reduce ill-health experienced by the population including ways to tackle obesity. 
Source: https://www.bbc.com/news/health-49079515

Posted 09-Aug-19

A policy document released by the UK government has detailed a commitment to eliminate smoking in England by 2030. The green paper includes a measure to ensure that every smoker admitted to hospital is offered support to quit. The green paper also lists ways to reduce ill-health experienced by the population including ways to tackle obesity. 

Source: https://www.bbc.com/news/health-49079515

Report on gambling addiction in Latvia

Posted 09-Aug-19
Report on gambling addiction in Latvia
A report from Latvia’s Welfare Ministry has revealed that nearly 80,000 people, or 6.4% of the population in Latvia experience gambling addiction with over 16,000 of these reaching ‘peak level’. The report also says that 0.5% of the population experience video game addiction and 7% report problems with excessive internet use. 
Source: https://bnn-news.com/ministry-reports-more-than-79-000-people-suffer-from-gambling-addiction-in-latvia-202368

Posted 09-Aug-19

A report from Latvia’s Welfare Ministry has revealed that nearly 80,000 people, or 6.4% of the population in Latvia experience gambling addiction with over 16,000 of these reaching ‘peak level’. The report also says that 0.5% of the population experience video game addiction and 7% report problems with excessive internet use. 

Source: https://bnn-news.com/ministry-reports-more-than-79-000-people-suffer-from-gambling-addiction-in-latvia-202368

UK betting shop closures follow restrictions on fixed odds betting machines

Posted 09-Aug-19
UK betting shop closures follow restrictions on fixed odds betting machines
UK bookmaker William Hill has confirmed that it will close 700 of its 2,300 betting shops in the UK. The company said that the closures are in response to a ‘significant fall’ in revenue following regulations reducing the maximum stake for fixed-odds betting terminals to £2. 
Source: https://www.bbc.com/news/business-48868335

Posted 09-Aug-19

UK bookmaker William Hill has confirmed that it will close 700 of its 2,300 betting shops in the UK. The company said that the closures are in response to a ‘significant fall’ in revenue following regulations reducing the maximum stake for fixed-odds betting terminals to £2. 

Source: https://www.bbc.com/news/business-48868335

Increased drug deaths in Scotland

Posted 09-Aug-19
Increased drug deaths in Scotland
Figures from the National Records of Scotland identified a 27% increase in drug related deaths from 2017 to 2018. There were 1,187 drug related deaths in Scotland in 2018, meaning that the drug-death rate in Scotland is nearly three times the rate for the UK overall, higher than has been reported in any EU country and marginally higher than the rate in the US. 
Sources: https://www.nrscotland.gov.uk/node/3243
https://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/home-news/scotland-drug-deaths-highest-eu-heroin-cocaine-a9006811.html

Posted 09-Aug-19

Figures from the National Records of Scotland identified a 27% increase in drug related deaths from 2017 to 2018. There were 1,187 drug related deaths in Scotland in 2018, meaning that the drug-death rate in Scotland is nearly three times the rate for the UK overall, higher than has been reported in any EU country and marginally higher than the rate in the US. 

Sources: https://www.nrscotland.gov.uk/node/3243

https://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/home-news/scotland-drug-deaths-highest-eu-heroin-cocaine-a9006811.html

Israel college offers degree in medical cannabis

Posted 09-Aug-19
Israel college offers degree in medical cannabis 
The Max Stern Yezreel Valley College has launched an undergraduate degree specialising in medical cannabis. The course will cover issues of cultivation, economics, law, medicine, pharmacology, and production relating to medical cannabis. The BA in Behavioural Sciences will start in the next academic year. 
Source: https://www.jpost.com/Israel-News/Israeli-college-to-offer-degree-specializing-in-medical-cannabis-594948

Posted 09-Aug-19

The Max Stern Yezreel Valley College has launched an undergraduate degree specialising in medical cannabis. The course will cover issues of cultivation, economics, law, medicine, pharmacology, and production relating to medical cannabis. The BA in Behavioural Sciences will start in the next academic year. 

Source: https://www.jpost.com/Israel-News/Israeli-college-to-offer-degree-specializing-in-medical-cannabis-594948

Global cocaine production at record levels

Posted 09-Aug-19
Global cocaine production at record levels
The annual report from the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) found that cocaine production reached record high levels in 2018. The report attributes much of the increase to changes in production in Columbia which reportedly produces 70% of the world’s cocaine. Cocaine cultivation in Columbia has moved to more rural areas after peace deals with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Columbia People’s Army (FARC) rebels have allowed criminal gangs to enter areas of Columbia that were previously inaccessible due to rebel fighting and FARC control. 
Source: https://www.france24.com/en/20190626-cocaine-production-hit-new-record-2017-un-report

Posted 09-Aug-19

The annual report from the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) found that cocaine production reached record high levels in 2018. The report attributes much of the increase to changes in production in Columbia which reportedly produces 70% of the world’s cocaine. Cocaine cultivation in Columbia has moved to more rural areas after peace deals with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Columbia People’s Army (FARC) rebels have allowed criminal gangs to enter areas of Columbia that were previously inaccessible due to rebel fighting and FARC control. 

Source: https://www.france24.com/en/20190626-cocaine-production-hit-new-record-2017-un-report