The Society for the Study of Addiction respects and supports the independence of the journal’s editors and exerts no authority over them.
ADDICTION is a founding signatory of the Farmington Consensus. The Consensus is a series of ethical publishing guidelines for addiction journals, which 26 journals have adopted to date. The Consensus was developed in 1997 at the inaugural meeting of the group now known as the International Society of Addiction Journal Editors (ISAJE).
Building on the Farmington Consensus, the ISAJE Ethical Working Group has developed detailed guidelines on ethical issues. The resulting document can be found in draft form here. It endeavours to provide guidance to authors, editors and other individuals on ethical and procedural matters that affect the integrity of scientific publishing in the addiction field. We urge readers, writers, reviewers and the entire editorial network of ADDICTION to study the guidelines, to criticise them, to improve them and to use them effectively.
ADDICTION has asked its senior editors to provide brief statements on any interests which might be seen as having a potential bearing on the independence of their editorial judgements. We have done so in the belief that such transparency is owed to our authors and readers, and is fair reciprocity for the requirement on declaration of interests which we put on authors, referees and book reviewers. Senior staff are expected to distance themselves from any editorial decision-making where potential conflict of interest might be deemed to exist. Similar statements from the journal’s assistant editors are held in the editorial office.
Robert West has received travel funds and hospitality from, and undertaken research and consultancy for pharmaceutical companies that manufacture or research products aimed at helping smokers to stop. These products include nicotine replacement therapies, Champix (varenicline) and Zyban (bupropion). This has led to payments to him personally and to his institution. He undertakes lectures and training in smoking cessation methods which have led to payments to him personally and to his institution. He has received research grants from medical charities and government departments. He is a trustee of the charity QUIT and an unpaid advisor to the UK’s National Centre for Smoking cessation and Training.
Arpana Agrawal has received financial support from NIDA, NCI, NIAAA, and ABMRF/Foundation for Alcohol Research. She has no financial conflicts of interest to declare.
Steve Allsop has no institutional or other associations which he believes contribute to a conflict of interest. He is currently in a University post with funding from the Australian Government; he has served as a senior public servant in Western Australia; he is currently Deputy Chair of the Board of the WA Alcohol and Drug Authority and Deputy Chair of the Australian National Advisory Council on Alcohol and Drugs, WA. He has received fees and travel expenses from government and university bodies for facilitation of professional and community meetings. He has received payment and travel expenses for teaching at clinical training events, organised by professional bodies, who were supported by funds provided by pharmaceutical companies. In 2005 he received travel expenses to speak to a group of alcohol industry representatives about evidence-based prevention of alcohol problems.
Paul Aveyard receives a personal income from work for the University of Oxford and the UK health service. He has done occasional research and consultancy with the pharmaceutical industry which, in the past three years, amounted to one day of consultancy for Pfizer on general smoking cessation unrelated to any particular product. This led to payments to his institution and to him personally.
Virginia Berridge is a HEFCE funded staff member of the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. She holds or has held grants from the Wellcome Trust, the Economic and Social Research Council, the Joseph Rowntree Foundation, the Alcohol Education and Research Council (now Alcohol Research UK), the Medical Research Council and NICE, the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence. These are charities or government funded bodies. She has no other sources of research funding and no conflicts of interest.
Ron Borland is employed by the charitable organisation Cancer Council Victoria which has a charter to conduct science-driven cancer control. He receives ongoing research support from his employer and less frequently from other organisations through the Cancer Council Australia.
Jonathan Bricker’s research is funded by the US National Institutes of Health. Dr Bricker is on the scientific advisory board for Chrono Therapeutics, Inc. He has no conflicts of interest to declare.
Arthur Brody receives research funding from the US National Institute on Drug Abuse, Department of Veterans Affairs Office of Research and Development, and the University of California Tobacco-Related Disease Research Program. In the past (more than 3 years ago), he has twice been a co-investigator on research grants funded by the pharmaceutical industry. His salary support is from the VA Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System, and he has received salary support in the past from the University of California at Los Angeles.
Suzanne Colby is employed by Brown University’s Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior where she is affiliated with the Center for Alcohol and Addiction Studies. Her research has been supported by grants and contracts from the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NCI, NIAAA, and NIDA), the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, and the March of Dimes. She has received honoraria and travel expenses from US National Institutes of Health for grant review and advisory consultation. She receives book royalties from Guilford Press. She has never received support from industry sources such as pharmaceutical, alcohol or tobacco companies.
Since 2008, Tim Coleman has received payment from Pierre Farbre Laboratories - PFL (a French pharmaceutical company that manufactures nicotine replacement therapy) on 3 occasions. Twice payments were in recognition for contributions made to expert meetings on smoking-related topics and on the third occasion Tim spoke at a conference which was co-organised by PFL and received payment for time taken. The conference was GEST: a meeting of French smoking cessation specialists; PFL had no control over presentation content on any of these occasions.
Shane Darke is employed solely by the National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, a Research Centre of the University of New South Wales. The Centre, and his position, are funded by the Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing. Shane does no outside consultancy work, has never received funding from alcohol, pharmaceutical or tobacco companies, and holds no stock in any such companies. He is unaware of any potential conflicts of interest in his work on the editorial team of Addiction.
Over the last 20 years Jack Darkes has received financial support from a variety of research grants funded by the U.S. National Institutes of Health (National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism) and the U.S. Department of Education. He has been compensated as a scientific reviewer by the U.S. National Institutes of Health (National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism) and as a consultant to the U.S. Department of Justice (The United States Sentencing Commission). He has been compensated for writing book chapters and publishing articles in popular magazines and internet websites. As far as he is aware, he has no affiliations, memberships, or financial associations that constitute conflicts of interest with his editorial responsibilities for Addiction.
Gabriele Fischer has been the Director of the Addiction Clinic of the Medical University Vienna since 1994. Over the past years she has been involved in many national and international activities in the addiction field. She has received travel funds and undertaken research and consultancy for pharmaceutical companies (Roche, Lannacher, Aesca, Shering Plough, Mundipharma, Nepp, Astra Zenica, Wyeth), for example in the field of Opioid maintenance therapy, and Hep C treatment in opioid maintained patients. Her clinic is specialized in the treatment of opioid dependent pregnant women. Currently, Gabriele Fischer is principal investigator of an ongoing NIDA funded multicenter clinic trial on the comparison of buprenorphine and methadone maintencane therapy in opioid dependent pregnant women (RO1 DA018417). She has been involved in several EU-grants as PI. In addition she acts as a consultant for WHO, UNO and the European parliament as well as training partner for the UNODC project “International Network of Drug Treatment and Rehabilitation Resource Center”. Gabriele Fischer has been the Chair of the CPDD International Committee since 2005.
Over the past five years, Gerhard Gmel has received grants from various governmental and quasi-governmental sources, the Swiss National Science Foundation and the Swiss Foundation for Alcohol Research, and the World Health Organization. He is currently employed at the Swiss Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Drug Problems, a NGO that receives donations from the Swiss general population. He has received fees from his institute, WHO, and the Swiss government for attending international meetings. He has received no support from industry sources such as pharmaceutical, alcohol and tobacco companies and holds no personal stock.
In the past five years Wayne Hall has not received fees or funding of any kind from alcohol, pharmaceutical or tobacco companies. His research funding has been from the following public funding sources: the Australia Research Council, the Australian Alcohol Education and Research Fund, the National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia, and the National Prescribing Service (a government-funded service that advises prescribers on evidence fro clinical prescribing).
Matt Hickman holds a full time post at the Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol. Matt has never received any funding from alcohol or tobacco companies but has received unrestricted research grants from pharmaceutical companies and is unaware of any potential conflict of interest with his role on the editorial team of Addiction.
John Holmes has no institutional or other associations which he believes cause a conflict of interest. He has not received any funds (direct or indirect) from the alcohol, tobacco or gambling industries, although he has received funding related to commissioned research from Systembolaget, the Swedish government-owned alcohol retail monopoly. His research is funded by grants, commissions and consultancy projects from research councils, medical charities and UK or international government bodies. He has also received monies to cover travel and subsistence expenses relating to speaking engagements from public and charitable bodies. He has received personal payments from the Western Australian Government (for a report on alcohol pricing policy), from Alcohol Research UK (for reviewing funding proposals) and from the BBC (for news interviews).
Keith Humphreys receives salary support as a civil servant in the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs and as a Professor at Stanford University, a private non-profit educational institution. He has received grants from government sources and from non-profit foundations, but has never received grants, honoraria or consulting fees from the tobacco industry, the alcohol industry or the gambling industry. He serves as a paid scientific advisory board member of Aelis Farma, a company which is attempting to develop a pharmaceutical treatment for cannabis dependence. He has accepted travel costs and speaking fees from professional societies and reviewing fees from academic publishers. He has no institutional affiliations or society memberships which he believes could reasonably be construed as potentially constituting conflict of interest.
Martin Y. Iguchi has conducted research since 1987 with funding from a variety of US Government sources (National Institutes of Health (NIDA, NIMH); Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (CSAT; CSAP; CMHS); Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA); New Jersey State Department of Health; City of Newark, New Jersey; City of Los Angeles, California (Department of Aging and Department of Cultural Affairs) and non-profit organizations (Robert Wood Johnson Foundation; Ford Foundation; Russell-Sage Foundation; Foundation of the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey). He has also been a paid consultant to non-profit agencies working as a subcontractor to the US government. Over the past five years, he received personal fees, travel expenses and subsistence from numerous US local, state, and federal government agencies, non-profit organizations, universities and other academic organizations. Dr Iguchi receives salary support not covered by grants from his senior behavioral research scientist position at the RAND Corporation. He has also received grant support from the Pfizer Independent Grants for Learning and Change program (2012–2015).
Lynn Kozlowski’s statement refers to the past five years. He has conducted research projects whose funding derived from the University at Buffalo, the State University of New York and the US National Institutes of Health. He has received no support from industry sources such as pharmaceutical, alcohol and tobacco companies and holds no personal stock.
John Macleod has no conflicts of interest to declare. He is employed by Bristol University as Professor in Clinical Epidemiology and Primary Care.
Pia Mäkelä receives a personal income from a national research institute, which also finances most of her research. She has also received project funding from the NIAAA, a national science foundation, and governmental funding sources. She has received a grant for data collection from the Finnish Institute for Alcohol Studies, which itself received funds from the Finnish alcohol monopoly ALKO, in 2008. She has received travel expenses and subsistence from the above mentioned funding sources and from the WHO. She has received fees for journalism and for presentations from the alcohol monopoly ALKO, and from various governmental and third sector agencies.
John Marsden works in an integrated university (Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience [IOPPN], King’s College London) and National Health Service Academic Health Sciences Centre (King’s Health Partners) and declares the following financial relationships: in addition to university-based addiction treatment-related research grants from the Department of Health, Institute for Health Research (Health Technology Assessment programme), and the Biomedical Research Centre for Mental Health (South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust and IOPPN), he has part-time employment as Senior Academic Advisor for the Alcohol, Drugs and Tobacco Division, Health and Wellbeing Directorate, Public Health England; educational grant funding at King’s College London via Reckitt Benckiser Pharmaceuticals (RBP) to Action on Addiction for a study of psychological interventions in opioid dependence (2010–2016); consultation to RBP (2011) and Merck Serono (2013), and honoraria as co-chair of the Improving Outcomes in Treatment of Opioid Dependence conference (2015) via educational grant funding from RBP [Indivior PLC] to PCM Scientific. He holds no stocks in any company.
Barbara McCrady has over the past five years conducted research and program evaluation projects funded by the US National Institutes of Health (NIAAA and NIDA), and Bernalillo County, NM. She has received contractual funds and royalties for the publication of books, monographs, and chapters. She also has received funds from book publishers for advice on future publishing projects. She has received personal fees and travel expenses for workshops, lectures, and consultation from various universities, health care organizations, the National Institutes of Health, The Anxiety Disorders Association of American, the German Congress on Addiction, the Society for the Study of Addictions, the Idaho Conference on Alcohol and Drug Dependency, and the National American Indian & Alaska Native Addiction Technology Transfer Center. She formerly received honoraria as a member of the Board of Directors of the Pacific Institute on Research and Evaluation, and as a member of the Research Advisory Board of the Hazelden Foundation. She serves without remuneration as a member of the International Advisory Board of SMART Recovery. She receives full salary support from the University of New Mexico. She has no institutional affiliations or society memberships that she believes could be construed as creating a conflict of interest with her responsibilities as a member of the editorial staff of Addiction.
Ann McNeill is employed by the Institute of Psychiatry, King’s College London and her research has been funded by government and charitable sources. She is a trustee of the Society for the Study of Addiction and the community interest company Tobacco Free Futures. She is unaware of any potential conflict of interest with her role on the Addiction editorial team.
Petra Meier is a HEFCE funded staff member of the University of Sheffield. She receives funding for her scholarly activities from a wide range of grant givers, including RCUK, NIHR, EU commission, government departments and health charities. She has also received funding for research by Systembolaget, the Swedish government-owned alcohol retail monopoly. She regularly carries out consultancy work for governmental bodies and for alcohol charities which leads to institutional income. She is a Scientific Advisor to the Institute of Alcohol Studies (IAS), for which she receives a personal fee. She has received no support from industry sources such as pharmaceutical, alcohol and tobacco companies and holds no personal stock. She declares no conflicts of interest.
From 1991–2015 Michael Morgan has held University posts funded by the UK government and has received personal grants from UK Research Councils and the Alcohol Education and Research Council. He has received no fees from industry sources.
Marcus Munafò receives personal income from the University of Bristol. He has received research funding from various research councils and charities, which have included Action on Smoking and Health UK, the Alcohol Education and Research Council, and the European Research Advisory Board. He has also received grant funding from Pfizer. In addition, he has received nicotine replacement products from GlaxoSmithKline and Pfizer for distribution to study participants. He has received consulting fees from the European Commission, Servier, and the World Health Organisation. He is co-director of Jericoe Ltd, which develops software for the assessment of emotion recognition ability.
Joanne Neale is employed by King’s College London, where she is part funded by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Biomedical Research Centre for Mental Health at South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust and King’s College London. Over the last twenty years, she has directed or worked on studies funded by Government Departments, Research Councils and Charitable Trusts. She has received no support from industry sources such as pharmaceutical, alcohol and tobacco companies and holds no personal stock.
Nancy Petry has received funds for reviewing grants, serving as an editor, lecturing, delivering trainings, serving as an expert witness, and writing books and review articles related to addiction and its treatment, including from the Responsible Gambling Trust. Her research funding sources are from federal organizations.
Lion Shahab is a HEFCE funded member of staff at University College London. He has received an honorarium for a talk, an unrestricted research grant and travel expenses to attend meetings and workshops from Pfizer, a pharmaceutical company that makes smoking cessation products, and has acted as paid reviewer for grant awarding bodies. Other research has been funded by the government, a community-interested company (National Centre for Smoking Cessation) and charitable sources. He has never received personal fees or research funding of any kind from alcohol, electronic cigarette or tobacco companies.
Maxine Stitzer has over the past five years conducted research projects whose funding sources have derived solely from federal agencies (NIDA, FDA). She has received personal fees and travel expenses from US National Institutes of Health (NIDA), State of Pennsylvania, Medical University of South Carolina and Yale University for grant review, advisory consultation and lectures. She has received no support from industry sources such as pharmaceutical, alcohol and tobacco companies and holds no personal stock.
Tim Stockwell has never received personal fees or research funding of any kind from alcohol or tobacco companies. In the early 1980s while at the Addiction Research Unit, Institute of Psychiatry, University of London his research was briefly funded by a pharmaceutical company but he has received no funds from that source since. Over eight years ago he received travel expenses from the alcohol industry funded International Center on Alcohol Policy to attend meetings with a view to persuading them to introduce standard drink labeling and to share data on advertising expenditures. He has since decided not to attend such meetings. His research funding in the past five years has been from the following funding sources: the Canadian Institutes for Health Research, the US National Institutes of Health, the BC Ministry of Health, Health Canada, WHO and the Centre for Addictions Research of British Columbia endowment fund. He has received stipends for editing journals, legal consulting, reviews for research funding bodies and consulting for agencies such as the Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse, WHO and the Swedish Institute for Public Health. He does not believe any of his society memberships, funding sources, investments or consultancies create any conflicts of interest in the conduct of his research, publishing or editing activities.
Christine Timko receives salary support as a civil servant in the US Department of Veterans Affairs. She has received grants from US government sources and non-profit foundations, but has never received grants, honoraria, or consulting fees from manufacturers of medications for addicted patients or the tobacco or alcohol industry. She has accepted travel costs and speaking fees from professional societies. She has no institutional affiliations or society memberships which she believes could reasonably be construed as potentially constituting conflict of interest and is open to further enquiry from any reader of the journal who might wish to question her.
Dr. Trafton is an employee of the United States federal government, paid to conduct evaluation of the addiction treatment programs of the Veterans Health Administration.
Jalie Tucker receives salary support as a fulltime faculty member at the University of Florida, Gainesville and as a part-time faculty member at the University of Alabama at Birmingham. Her research has been supported by grants from the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIAAA and NIDA) and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. She has received book royalties from Guilford Publications and has accepted travel reimbursement and honoraria from universities, research centers, professional societies, health care organizations, and the NIH for presentations, reviews, and consulting on topics related to research and practice. She has never received support from industry sources such as pharmaceutical, alcohol, or tobacco companies. She has no institutional or professional affiliations or society memberships that she believes could be construed as creating a conflict of interest with her responsibilities as a member of the editorial staff of Addiction.
Michael Ussher has no affiliations which he believes constitute a conflict of interest. Michael is employed by St George’s, University of London. His research has been funded by charitable foundat, ions and by the government. He has been paid for consultan, cy b, , y , the UK Ministry of defence. He has received no support from industry sources such as pharmaceutical or tobacco companies.
Bob Voas Is a member of the staff of the Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, a non-profit corporation based in Calverton, Maryland. Funding for his research has come from NIAAA grants and from contracts with the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). He has received no support from private comp, anies and has no other income related to his research activities. During the period from 1982 to 1995 he served two terms on the National Board of Directors of Mothers Against Drunk Driving. He served on the staff of NHTSA from 1969 to 1982. Over the last 40 years he has received travel expenses for presentations at technical meetings from universities and professional societies and from the NIAAA for grant reviews.
Kenneth Ward is employed by the School of Public Health, University of Memphis. His work has been funded by several U.S. NIH Institutes including Fogarty International Center, NHLBI, NIAMS, and NIDA, as well as American Legacy Foundation, American Heart Association, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, and The Urban Child Institute. He has received no support from industry sources such as pharmaceutical or tobacco companies and holds no personal stock.
Reinout Wiers’s research is primarily paid by national grant agencies (N.W.O., National Science Foundation, Netherlands; ZON-MW, Medical Research Counsil, The Netherlands) and University money. In addition he had EU funding (FP7 AliceRap). His research is not sponsored by tobacco companies. He gave a paid talk for Lundbeck pharmaceutical company. He was co-applicant in two awarded grants from ERAB (the European Foundation for Alcohol Research), which is an independent foundation paid by the alcohol-industry that awards alcohol-related research after an independent scientific evaluation (peer reviewed), with guarantee of completely independent scientific expression (in accordance with the Dublin principles). He was also involved in the ERAB/ABMRF Underage Drinking Report (2012), which was also done in accordance with the Dublin principles.